Fabienne Lupo, Chairwoman and Managing Director, Fondation de la Haute Horlogerie
Later, Man was able to set fixed reference points in time, and know when to hunt or to harvest by drafting calendars based on lunar and solar cycles. The Ancient Romans, for example, based their calendars on the lunar cycle. Because of their imprecision, occasional adjustments were required to realign these calendars with the seasons. Lunar under Romulus, the calendar became lunisolar under Caesar, when it took the name of Julian calendar. It too required various adjustments over the centuries, and in 1582 was reformed again under Pope Gregory XIII. This Gregorian calendar is now used almost universally in the business world.
And so from the origins of humankind to the present day, horologists have developed instruments that mirror the Cosmos, and made objects which have evolved from utilitarian and scientific into coveted creations.