Glossary of watchmaking

Chronometer (general definition)

Chronomètre (définition générale) | クロノメーター | 精密计时器(天文台表)(一般定义)

Programme des épreuves selon ISO 3159 Montres-bracelets à oscillateur balancier-spiral

A chronometer is, etymologically, an instrument for measuring the time. With usage it has come to mean a high-precision watch displaying seconds whose movement has been controlled over a period of several days, in different positions and at different temperatures, by an official neutral body. Only mechanisms that have satisfied the criteria for precision of ISO 3159, or its equivalent, are issued with an official chronometer certificate.

In Switzerland, the Contrôle Officiel Suisse des Chronomètres (COSC) has the power to award these certificates. Based on the requirements of ISO 3159, the COSC has also drawn up a set of specifications for the testing of quartz movements.

While a Chronograph can be used to measure an interval of time, it can only use the name "chronometer" if it has been officially certified as such.