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  • The Academy
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  • The Academy

    Train and Certify, The Academy masters, delivers and measures watchmaking knowledge worldwide.

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    The Watch Forum provides a platform for debate to help craft the industry of tomorrow.

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    Attract new audiences and present watchmaking in a new light.

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Who are we

A not-for-profit foundation set up under private law in 2005 by Audemars Piguet, Girard-Perregaux and Richemont, the objective of the FHH is to promote and spread the reputation of watchmaking excellence around the world.

It provides information on the latest news, history and skills within the watchmaking professions. It trains, assesses and certifies horological knowledge. It organises events and encounters intended for both the general public and professionals. A creator of content, competencies, connections and experiences, the FHH is supported by leading names in the watch industry and independent creators, all actively contributing to its activities.


Head office

Fondation de la Haute Horlogerie

Fondation de la Haute Horlogerie

Pont de la Machine 1

1204 Geneva | Switzerland

T +41 22 808 58 00

Watches and Culture: Did you know?

  • Timepieces

    Historiques American 1921

    Vacheron Constantin was awarded the 2009 Watch of the Year prize for this model inspired by a watch produced in a confidential edition for an American customer during the Roaring Twenties. It combines the creativity of a...

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  • Famous watchmakers

    Abraham-Louis Breguet

    Swiss clockmaker, established in Paris. Stayed in Switzerland and met Abraham Louis Perrelet. Master Clockmaker in 1784.Member of the Bureau des Longitudes in 1814. Watchmaker to the Royal Navy...

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  • History

    Around 1492

    The mechanical watch appeared simultaneously in Italy, Germany and France. Its principle remained dominant for almost five centuries, until the late 1970s and the advent of the electronic watch.

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  • Glossary

    • Amagnetic

      Which does not have magnetic properties.

    • Bottom plate

      The plate which bears the various movement parts and in particular the bridges. The dial is usually affixed to the bottom side of the plate. The plate is pierced with holes for the screws and...

    • Cam

      A part that is profiled to transform or modify motion. For example, a cam is used to reset the chronograph hand or activate the hammers in a minute-repeater.

    • Dart (Guard pin)

      In a lever escapement, a small metal pin which prevents accidental movement of the fork.

    • Engage

      To set in motion, to connect two mechanical systems by means of a mechanical, electrical or other device. When a watch is set to the right time, the winding stem engages with the sliding pinion...

    • Fresh water cultured pearl

      A cultured pearl that was formed in a freshwater mussel.

    • Gear train

      A system for transmitting power and motion through toothed wheels. In a watch, the train comprises a wheel whose teeth mesh with a pinion's leaves.

    • Heliotrope

      Heliotrope is also known as bloodstone. It is a variety of chalcedony that is dark green with red specks. Heliotrope is used as watch dials.

    • Invisible setting

      A groove is cut into a rounded stone and the stone snapped into a metal rail. The stones are set tightly together so that none of the metal is visible. This technique was patented by Cartier in...

    • Jewels

      The international term for the jewels (rubies) in a watch movement that are used as bearings for pivots to reduce friction. The movement of a quality watch has between 15 and 21 jewels.

    • Karrusel

      A device similar to the tourbillon, the difference being that the cage is driven by the third wheel. Invented by Bonnicksen, a Danish watchmaker established in London.See complication.

    • Lépine watch (Open-face)

      In a pocket watch, a structure in which the seconds hand is positioned in line with the winding stem, as opposed to the hunter calibre in which the seconds hand is at a right angle to the winding...

    • Microcrystallin

      Microcrystalline is a type of mineral structure in which the crystals are so small that they can only be seen using a microscope. Agate, example is microcrystalline.

    • Nephrite

      A family of the jade group of ornamental gemstones. Nephrite is slightly softer that jadeite and is often veined.

    • Oiling

      A process used for enhancing a gemstone's colour and transparency. Gemstones that have fissures that touch the surface are often oiled; emeralds are an example.

    • Pendulum

      A heavy body suspended from a fixed point from which it can swing freely to and fro. A clock pendulum comprises the suspension, which can be a spring, knife-edge or a wire, the generally...

    • Quartz

      Silicon dioxide. Also called rock crystal. Quartz has the specific property of vibrating at a very high frequency (32 MHz) placed under electric current. Under certain conditions, it...

    • Regulating organ (regulator)

      The regulating organs in a mechanical watch are the balance and spring whose function is to count time. A clock's regulating organ is its pendulum. In an electronic watch it can be a motor or a...

    • Screw

      A fastening comprising a cylindrical shaft, grooved along part or all its length, and a head with a slot for the screwdriver.

    • Tsavorite

      A rare, deep green variety of grossular garnet. The green colour comes from vanadium and chromium. A Tsavorite of over two carats are very rare. This gemstone has a hardness of 7.5 and a specific...

    • Universal hour

      One twenty-fourth of the universal day which begins at midnight at the Prime Meridian at Greenwich. Following the 1884 International Meridian Conference in Washington, the Earth was divided...

    • Vibration

      Movement of a pendulum or oscillating body between two extreme positions (A' and A''). The balance of a mechanical watch generally makes five vibrations per second, equivalent to 18,000...

    • Waterproof

      Describes a watch which, in theory, will not let in water at a depth of up to 3 atm or 30 metres.See also ATM; water-resistant.

    • Year

      A four-digit indication of the current year that changes automatically at midnight on December 31st.

    • Zinc

      A metal applied by electrodeposition (electroplating) to protect iron and steel.

    Expand Glossary

Glossary

From A to Z, we've got watchmaking covered!